Canadian Music Organizations: Part 1

How do they shape the Canadian music scene? Check out our series on the biggest music associations in Canada.

Performing Music In Canada

Canada has engaging and active music organizations representing the rights & opportunities of musicians from coast to coast.  

In this blog series, we’ll have an introduction to:

  • Canadian Federation of Musicians
  • Music Canada
  • Canadian Live Music Association
  • Canadian Independent Music Association
  • Songwriters Association of Canada
  • Canadian Music Publishers Association
  • Canadian Musical Reproduction Rights Agency
  • SOCAN
  • Re:Sound
  • Women in Music Canada
  • Canadian Private Copying Collective

Canadian Federation of Musicians

www.cfmusicians.org

Canadian Music Organizations

Let’s start with a look at the The Canadian Federation of Musicians (CFM). They along with the American Federation of Musicians  (AFM), are the largest musicians’ union in the world. 

The CFM offers wide support to the musician, from immigration (Canadian musicians gigging in USA), governmental lobbying, royalties issues and even the Employment Standards Act and NAFTA as it relates to the Canadian music industry.

Large scope productions need special consideration for musicians’ rights, such as agreements with national Canadian media companies like Rogers Communications, Corus Entertainment, and Bell Media. As well, that big, new player in the on-demand entertainment space comes with musical performance considerations. Think Netflix. 

And, importantly, CFM is working with international partners on the hot button topic of compensation for streaming music services.

SERVICES

Broadcast and Non-Broadcast Media Agreements

The AFM’s Canadian Electronic Media Services Division (EMSD) administers recording contracts negotiated between the AFM or CFM and production companies. These recording contracts cover the whole communications spectrum including broadcast and non-broadcast media. The major types of agreements are for Records/CDs, Motion Pictures, Television Films, TV Variety Programs, TV and Radio Commercial Announcements, Radio, Non-broadcast Industrial Films, DVDs, and Interactive Media.

General Agreement for Commercial Announcements (Canada)

Working on a jingle? CFM will work with you to get the best wages and benefits.  CFM negotiates and administers the Canadian TV & Radio Commercial Announcements Agreement to represent musicians who are responsible for the music in jingles. The administrator works with a wide range of creative advertising agencies to implement the agreement.

When a Canadian AFM musician is engaged to record music for a commercial jingle, he or she will be paid, at a minimum, a negotiated scale wage with pension contributions.

When an original recording is incorporated into commercial jingles, the musicians who originally performed the work are paid a “new-use” fee equivalent to the one-hour minimum call session fee, as well as pension that would have been paid if the musicians had come into the studio to record music for commercial jingles. This “new-use” payment applies for all types of original recorded music, including but not limited to phonograph records, CDs, film scores and TV themes.

Motion Picture/TV Film

The Theatrical Motion Picture and Television Film Agreements set forth the minimum wage scales and working conditions for recording, sideline, music preparation and production musicians in various film categories. These programs include dramatic, non-dramatic, episodic and made for television movies as well as theatrical motion pictures. It is obligatory that before any work is performed, other than with an engager who is a signatory to the agreement, there is a letter of adherence in place with the responsible party and that properly completed B-7 report forms covering your participation on the recording sessions are filed with the appropriate AFM Local. You may be attached to other payments such as Secondary Markets Fund or soundtrack album new use.

Most small Locals will experience sideline (on-camera) work in their jurisdiction more so than underscoring. In some cases the sideline musician may also be recorded. In either instance, appropriate compensation is always due.

Canadian Content Production Rules (CCPR)

CFM negotiates and administers the Canadian Content Production Rules to represent musicians who are engaged to record music for Canadian productions.  To be eligible, a production must qualify as Canadian pursuant to the CRTC Canadian Content Regulations, or must have achieved or applied for CAVCO Certification.  When an AFM musician is engaged to record music for a Canadian production, he or she will be paid, at a minimum, a negotiated scale wage with pension contributions.

It is obligatory that before any work is performed there is an eligibility application and a letter of adherence in place with the responsible party and that properly completed B7 forms covering your participation on the recording sessions are filed with the appropriate Canadian AFM Local.

Canadian Digital Specialty Channels                                               

CFM negotiates and administers agreements for the Canadian Digital Specialty Channels to represent musicians who are engaged to provide musical services for Canadian productions intended for initial broadcast on Canadian pay cable networks, also known as Specialty Channels.  When an AFM Canadian musician is engaged to record music for a Canadian Digital Specialty Channel, he or she will be paid, at a minimum, a scale wage with pension contributions.

Demo DVD

The CFM negotiates and administers the Demo DVD Agreement to represent musicians who wish to create a Demo DVD Recording.  When an AFM Canadian musician is engaged to record music for a Demo DVD Recording, he or she will be paid, at a minimum, a negotiated scale wage with pension contributions.

Limited DVD

The CFM negotiates and administers the Limited DVD Agreement to represent musicians who wish to create 150 or fewer copies of a DVD Recording.  When an AFM Canadian musician is engaged to record music for a Limited DVD Recording, he or she will be paid, at a minimum, a negotiated scale wage with pension contributions.

Live Concert DVD

The CFM negotiates and administers the Live Concert Recording Agreement to represent musicians who wish to videotape a live concert presentation of an indie artist or band which is intended for digital distribution by cable, satellite or internet in Canada for its initial window of distribution.  When an AFM musician is videotaped during a live concert presentation, he or she will be paid a live engagement fee along with a step-up for the audio/visual, plus pension.

Sound Recordings

The AFM and CFM work to protect your wages and subsequent compensation through the Sound Recording Labour Agreement (formerly known as the Phonograph Record Labour Agreement) which sets forth the minimum wage scales and working conditions for musicians (including music preparation members) who perform services for the various types of audio recordings – in recording studios as well as live (compact discs, audiocassettes, etc.) – released for sale on the commercial market. It is obligatory to see to it that before any work is performed, other than with an engager who is a signatory to the agreement, that there is a letter of adherence in place with the responsible party and that properly completed AFM B-4 Report Forms covering your participation on recording sessions are filed with the AFM Local having jurisdiction over the sessions. This will ensure your sharing in the proceeds from the Sound Recording Special Payments Fund, and that you will receive “new use” payments if your product is utilized in another medium requiring such “new use” payment (i.e. use of a sound recording in a theatrical motion picture, TV film, commercial announcement, etc.).

Limited Pressing Sound Recording

The CFM negotiates and administers the Limited Pressing Sound Recording Agreement to represent musicians who perform services for the various types of audio recordings released for sale on the commercial market.  Only a limited number of units of the product may be created and sold under this agreement, either 3,000 physical units may be manufactured or 30,000 individual digital downloaded tracks sold. If a producer subsequently wishes to manufacture or sell additional copies he or she is required to pay the musicians the difference between the original payment and the applicable fee contained in the current Sound Recording Labour Agreement.  When an AFM Canadian musician is engaged to record music under the Limited Pressing Agreement, he or she will be paid, at a minimum, a negotiated scale wage with pension contributions.

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